1545 Pare runs out of oil on French battlefield. He abandoned used of the cauterisation iron and mixed a lotion with turpentine, egg yolk and oil of roses. He rose to be come physician to the King of France.

1763 Aymand conducted the first recorded appendectomy

1800 Sir Humphry Davy, inventor of the Miner’s Safety lamp, discovered and applied the anaesthetic properties of nitrous oxide (laughing gas).

1818 Blundell transfused blood successfully for the first time.

1842 Long used ether as an anaesthetic during an operation.

1844 Dr Horace Wells used nitrous oxide as an anaesthetic

1847 Simpson, Edinburgh’s youngest ever professor of midwifery discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform whilst experimenting with drugs with his friends.

1848 15-year old Hannah Greener died during an operation to remove a toenail frightening doctors away from anaesthesia.

1853 Queen Victoria consents to the use of Chloroform for the birth of her 8th child.

1867 Lister developed anti-septic surgical techniques, and published them in his book. It included his invention Carbolic Spray.

1901 Landsteinerdeveloped his theory of blood types and groups.

1937 American Bernard Fantus developed the first Blood Bank in Chicago.

1967 Dr Christaan Barnard conducted the world’s first heart transplant.


Supporting information from